Embryo Disposition and Donation Options

Embryo Disposition Options

Three options are provided for final disposition of embryos:

  • Anonymous or Directed Donation to another couple; for more information, see the Embryo Donation options below
  • Donation for Research, including stem cell research; for more information, see the Embryo Donation for Research option below
  • Thaw and Discard; please contact ReproTech for details

* Please note that you are required to continue paying storage fees, while your embryos remain in storage at ReproTech, until all disposition paperwork and/or applicable FDA requirements for donation are completed.

Embryo Donation Options

Now is the time to think about the future of your embryos. The reality of infertility can be devastating, as you well know. For many couples, their only hope of achieving a full-term pregnancy begins with donated embryos.

Embryo donation is a wonderful gift, but, as you would expect, the steps required go far beyond just agreeing to donate your embryos. Each program has multiple steps and requirements before a donation is complete. Further, not all embryos will qualify for each donation program, the number, stage and quality of your embryos will need to be evaluated as well as the source of the gametes (was a sperm or egg donor used).

Below is a referral list of embryo donation programs that ReproTech has worked with. Basic information about each program has been provided, however specific questions and requests for additional information should be directed to each program.

We have also provided information about donating to a recipient through the clinic that originally froze your embryos and a research donation option. Please read this information carefully to see if your embryos would qualify for these programs.

Please note that you are required to continue paying storage fees, if your embryos remain in storage at ReproTech, while you complete all donation program protocols and/or applicable FDA requirements for donation.

Please click below to expand the sections.

Embryo Donation Program Referrals


Embryo Connections

Phone: 303-903-0433

Website: http://www.embryoconnections.org

Contact: Deb Roberts, CEO/Founder

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Donating your embryos through this program:

Average timeline to complete the steps for donation:

Donors must be matched with recipients. Timeline can be as short as 2 - 3 months and depends on donor’s criteria for recipient family.

Are all embryos accepted? 

No

If not, what criteria are used for acceptance?

Embryos must be vitrified (~last 9 years). Intended parents and receiving physician/embryologist will receive full information to determine suitability of the embryos.

Can the embryos stay at the storage facility/clinic while steps for donation are completed?

Yes. Embryos are stored at their existing location - the donating clinic or long-term storage facility – until all steps are complete to donate.

Is testing and screening of the donor(s) required by this program?

Yes. Donor eligibility determination is completed per Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines. A genetic review/testing may also be requested by the intended parents or due to known genetic conditions.

Receiving donor embryos through this program:

Restrictions for receiving donor embryos:

Age is limited by the embryo transfer age limit of the receiving clinic and ASRM guidelines. Must pass criminal background check.

Average wait time to receive donor embryos:

3 – 10 months, including all logistic requirements.

 Average cost to receive donor embryos:

$4000 -$9000

Does this program ship (or arrange to ship) to any clinic for a cycle at the client's local clinic?

Yes, after receiving embryo suitability approval from the receiving clinic.

Does this program provide a receiving clinic with a Donor Eligibility Determination document and/or Summary of records prior to shipment of the embryos?

Yes, the document includes fertility history, embryology reports, thaw protocols, FDA screening and a summary.


Embryo Donation Int'l

Phone: 800-334-2184

Website: www.embryodonation.com

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Donating your embryos through this program:

Average timeline to complete the steps for donation:

Depends on the timeliness of the donors completing paperwork and length of time in receiving information from the clinic laboratory where the embryos were frozen.

Are all embryos accepted? 

No

If not, what criteria are used for acceptance?

Embryos are accepted on a case-by-case basis after evaluating embryology data and history.

Can the embryos stay at the storage facility/clinic while steps for donation are completed?

Embryos are stored at their existing location (the donating clinic or long-term storage facility) until all steps are complete to donate.

Is testing and screening of the donor(s) required by this program?

When applicable, re-testing of donors is offered, however, it is not mandatory.

Receiving donor embryos through this program:

Restrictions for receiving donor embryos:

Patients must be 55 or younger. Other factors are addressed on a case-by-case basis.

Average wait time to receive donor embryos:

4 – 6 months for people who request Caucasian embryos. Please contact this program for more information about other embryos.

 Average cost to receive donor embryos:

Varies depending on the type of donation process.

Does this program ship (or arrange to ship) to any clinic for a cycle at the client's local clinic?

No. All transfers are done at the Embryo Donation facility. Embryos are not shipped out to other clinics.

Does this program provide a receiving clinic with a Donor Eligibility Determination document and/or Summary of records prior to shipment of the embryos?

Not applicable.


Miracles Waiting

Website: http://www.miracleswaiting.org/

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Donating your embryos through this program:

Average timeline to complete the steps for donation:

Miracles Waiting is a program that is entirely web-based and works as a matching service for donors and recipients. Timeline is dependent on the donors and recipients.

Are all embryos accepted? 

Not applicable.

If not, what criteria are used for acceptance?

A donor’s embryos must be matched with a recipient.

Can the embryos stay at the storage facility/clinic while steps for donation are completed?

Depends on the requirements of the receiving clinic or program.

Is testing and screening of the donor(s) required by this program?

Depends on the requirements of the receiving clinic or program.

Receiving donor embryos through this program:

Restrictions for receiving donor embryos:

Donors are able to make a known donation to a recipient. Donors and recipients create the agreement and relationship they want. It is up to the donors who they choose to receive their embryos. Miracles Waiting only provides the platform for donors and recipients to connect. Recipients must also identify a reproductive clinic that will accept them as a patient.

Average wait time to receive donor embryos:

Depends on the timeline of donors, recipients and the requirements of the receiving clinic.

 Average cost to receive donor embryos:

$150 fee to use the online matching platform. Other expenses for shipment or storage of embryos, medical and legal expenses, and any other expenses are paid by the recipient of the embryos.

Does this program ship (or arrange to ship) to any clinic for a cycle at the client's local clinic?

Embryos can be shipped to the recipient's clinic. All arrangements are the responsibility of the recipient.

Does this program provide a receiving clinic with a Donor Eligibility Determination document and/or Summary of records prior to shipment of the embryos?

No. Recipient is responsible for coordinating with their receiving clinic or other program for donor eligibility determination per Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines.

Please note that if a compliant Summary of Records is not received by ReproTech before shipping, ReproTech will ship the donor embryos in quarantine to the receiving clinic or donation program.


National Embryo Donation Center

Website: https://www.embryodonation.org/

Contact: Carol Sommerfelt

Phone: 865-777-2013

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Donating your embryos through this program:

Average timeline to complete the steps for donation:

Approximately 6 – 8 months.

Are all embryos accepted? 

Yes, however, if one of the donating partners is positive for an infectious disease that requires storage in a quarantine tank, those embryos are not shipped to the National Embryo Donation Center (NEDC) until a match is found and only at the time of the transfer. The donating couple is responsible for storage fees until shipment.

If not, what criteria are used for acceptance?

Not applicable.

Can the embryos stay at the storage facility/clinic while steps for donation are completed?

Embryos must stay at the storage facility/clinic while the donation process is pending. Embryos are moved to the NEDC facility prior to the matching process with the receiving couple.

Is testing and screening of the donor(s) required by this program?

Yes. Donor eligibility determination is completed per Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines.

Receiving donor embryos through this program:

Restrictions for receiving donor embryos:

(1) Woman must be able to carry a pregnancy herself. (2) Must be a married couple for at least 3 years and the marriage must be between a man and a woman. (3) The wife must not be over 45 years of age (have up to her 46th birthday) and the combined age of husband and wife must not exceed 100 years. (4) Couple must undergo and pass a home study in the state they reside. (5) At least one partner must be a U.S. citizen or have a permanent work visa in the U.S. OR be a Canadian citizen.

Average wait time to receive donor embryos:

6 – 8 months.

 Average cost to receive donor embryos:

Approximately $7500 which includes medical costs and required home study.

Does this program ship (or arrange to ship) to any clinic for a cycle at the client's local clinic?

No. All embryo recipient couples must travel to the program’s facility in Knoxville, TN for 2 visits.

Does this program provide a receiving clinic with a Donor Eligibility Determination document and/or Summary of records prior to shipment of the embryos?

Not applicable.


Nightlight

Website: https://www.nightlight.org/

Contact: Kimberly Tyson

Phone: 970-663-6799

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Donating your embryos through this program:

Average timeline to complete the steps for donation:

Donating couple or person will select the familiy who will receive their donated embryos. Generally, it takes between 8 - 12 months from the time you begin the application and when you are matched with a recipient.  

Are all embryos accepted? 

Contact this program for information.

If not, what criteria are used for acceptance?

Contact this program for information.

Can the embryos stay at the storage facility/clinic while steps for donation are completed?

Contact this program for information.

Is testing and screening of the donor(s) required by this program?

Yes. Donor eligibility determination is completed per Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines.

Receiving donor embryos through this program:

Restrictions for receiving donor embryos:

Female recipient must be able to carry a pregnancy to term. Recipients must complete a home study and have a clear criminal background check and clear child abuse record. Program is Christian based and states that they “work with families without discrimination and are committed to helping each assess their potential success with our program.” Donating couple or person will select the family who will receive the donated embryos.

Single women are eligible to receive donor embryos, however, there may be a wait to be matched with a donating couple who has selected to work with a single woman.

Nightlight/ Snowflakes requires female recipients over the age of 45 to complete a recommendation form by the doctor who will be performing her frozen embryo transfer.

Average wait time to receive donor embryos:

Contact this program for information.

 Average cost to receive donor embryos:

Contact this program for information.

Does this program ship (or arrange to ship) to any clinic for a cycle at the client's local clinic?

The Nightlight/Snowflakes program has preferred partner relationships with a specific set of fertility clinics located throughout the U.S. Contact the program for more information.

Does this program provide a receiving clinic with a Donor Eligibility Determination document and/or Summary of records prior to shipment of the embryos?

Contact this program for information. Please note that if a compliant Summary of Records is not received by ReproTech before shipping, ReproTech will ship the donor embryos in quarantine to the receiving clinic or donation program.

Donating through your originating clinic (not available at all clinics)

Requirements for Embryo Donation through the Originating Clinic

Contact ReproTech if you are a current ReproTech cryostorage client wanting to donate your embryos through the clinic where you underwent your IVF procedures.

Many clinics that work with ReproTech for long-term storage of their former patients' embryos, also have active embryo donation programs, and prefer to provide donation services "in-house." There are some advantages to this, the biggest being that the laboratory at the clinic should be very familiar with the cryopreservation system used to freeze and thaw your embryos, and thus have the possibility of a better outcome when compared to a laboratory which has not used that particular system before.

While we live in a relatively "transient" society today, donation at the clinic you used does increase the likelihood that any resulting children will be located nearer to you. You may view this as a positive, especially if the donation is an "open" donation and you wish to maintain contact with the recipient(s) and\or children.

The first step would be for you to contact the clinic where you underwent your IVF procedures to see if they offer donation. As your embryos are being stored in a ReproTech facility, and you have a cryostorage agreement with ReproTech, you will also need to contact ReproTech for necessary forms so that we can coordinate the transfer of your embryos back to the clinic for donation.

Keep in mind that you are responsible for storage fees until your embryos are transferred back to the IVF center. Additionally, depending on previous arrangements with the center, you may incur shipping fees.

Embryo Donation for Research

Embryo Donation for Research Options

ReproTech, Ltd., strives to provide our clients with disposition options that both meet the clients' desires as well as providing opportunities for the advancement of science, however, the reality is that research facility options are becoming increasingly limited, and some state laws prohibit participation.

There are many factors that must be evaluated when donation for research is considered. While embryonic stem cell research is likely to be in a growth phase over the next several years, due to the likely increase of federal funding, many of the specific requirements for eligibility of the embryos (mainly having to do with how the embryos were created) will remain in place, and thus limit or deny the use of some embryos for stem cell research. In almost all cases, patients wishing to donate their embryos for research will be required to complete specific consent forms approved by the Institutional Review Board of each research facility.

At this time RTL is able to provide only one donation for research option, the University of Michigan's Center for hES Cell Research.  

Note that state laws may prohibit patients from participation.

University of Michigan

Currently only accepting PGD and/or PGS -tested and -affected donor embryos - ALL TYPES. The primary focus of the study is the development of disease-affected human embryonic stem cell lines.

Our Goals

The goal of the hES Cell Center is to provide training, technologies, and education in human embryonic stem cell biology.

  1. We are a tissue culture Core Facility established to maintain hES cell lines, provide quality control and share expertise, protocols, and reagents within the U of M scientific community. The Core will also be engaged in basic research under the direction of the Core Director.
  2. The Core Facility provides coursework and hands-on training in the culture of human embryonic stem cells for faculty, staff, and students.
  3. Graduate coursework, seminar programs, and an annual symposium have been established as educational opportunities for the scientific community.
  4. Education of the general public on the facts and potential benefits of human embryonic stem cell research is also part of our goal. The Center participates in community outreach and provides educational opportunities through a variety of programs.

More than 40 scientists are active participants in the Center for hES Cell Research. The research ranges in scope from studies of the fundamental biology of stem cells and the human embryo, to understanding the development of all the organ systems in the body, to therapeutics and bioengineering of tissues and organs.

ReproTech requires documentation of final disposition, including notarized signatures of our patients. When you are ready to make a donation of your embryos, or if you just have questions, please contact us and we would be happy to explain the process and send you the required form.

Currently only accepting PGD and/or PGS -tested and -affected embryos; resulting embryos may not be from donor oocytes or donor sperm. The primary focus of the study is the development of disease-affected human embryonic stem cell lines.

For more information …

 

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